bSPARQ is an offshoot of SPARQ1, which stands for Speed Power Agility Reaction and Quickness, and it is a tool to measure the athleticism of NBA Draft prospects.

NBA% is the percentile of athleticism a player’s bSPARQ scores at his position. Those position designations are automated based on how a player was listed at the combine.

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SPARQ was originally developed by NIKE and some version of it has been used to measure the athleticism of athletes for several years, primarily in football. Utilizing 20-plus years of NBA Combine data, the formula has been adapted for use in basketball. bSPARQ was developed in conjunction with Brandon Boyd and Colin Clapham.